As staple foods, maize and wheat provide vital nutrients and health benefits, making up close to two-thirds of the world’s food energy intake, and contributing 55 to 70 percent of the total calories in the diets of people living in developing countries, according to the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization. CIMMYT scientists tackle food insecurity through improved nutrient-rich, high-yielding varieties and sustainable agronomic practices, ensuring that those who most depend on agriculture have enough to make a living and feed their families. The U.N. projects that the global population will increase to more than 9 billion people by 2050, which means that the successes and failures of wheat and maize farmers will continue to have a crucial impact on food security. Findings by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which show heat waves could occur more often and mean global surface temperatures could rise by up to 5 degrees Celsius throughout the century, indicate that increasing yield alone will be insufficient to meet future demand for food.
Climate change will see pests moving countries and continents as conditions become more favorable.
Technical coordination between research and development partners is key to breed maize varieties that respond to the diverse needs of small farmers.
Researchers discuss how phenotyping can assist breeding and make the case for investing in new methodologies.
Web app helps extension agents and farmers monitor the spread of fall armyworm.
New blog published by the Chicago Council on Global Affairs argues that balancing food security, rural livelihoods, water for agriculture and air quality need not be a zero-sum game.
Breeders are developing wheat varieties that have stable grain yield under low-water and high-temperature conditions.
Our climate change-ravaged food systems cannot wait for the gradual progress of gender quality.
Studying changing food consumption patterns in the context of urbanization and economic and population growth helps plan for the future.
Half a century earlier, scientists collected and preserved samples of maize landraces in Morelos, Mexico. Now, descendants of those farmers were able to get back their ancestral maize seeds and, with them, a piece of their family history.
Source: Dawn (9 Feb 2020)
Climate change threatens wheat yields in South Asia.
Source: Dawn (6 Feb 2020)
CIMMYT warns wheat-growing farmers in Pakistan to watch for yellow rust disease.
New maize varieties to bolster seed sector and enhance farm productivity.
New research recommends targeted assistance and engagement with small farmers in rural Guatemala to improve livelihoods and reduce migration pressures.
Source: Times of India (31 Jan 2020)
New seed will withstand drought conditions and natural calamities.