MEXICO CITY (CIMMYT) — Maize is a major food crop in sub-Saharan, yet yields remain low under smallholder farmer conditions compared to other regions due to drought, low soil quality and other stresses. In Angola and Zimbabwe more than 70 percent of maize is grown in areas with a 40 to 60 percent frequency of a failed season, while over one-third of maize in Kenya, Mozambique, and Tanzania is grown in areas with this frequency of failure. Annual yield loss in maize due to drought is estimated to be between 15 and 90 percent depending on the stage when drought occurs.
In a new study published by researchers at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), new drought tolerant maize hybrids and open pollinated varieties were compared against the best commercial varieties in eastern and southern Africa (ESA) under farmer management conditions and to validate on-station results.
After various trials were conducted across ESA, new drought tolerant hybrids showed a yield advantage over the commercial check varieties both in the early and medium-late maturing categories by 4 to 19 percent. Under farmers’ fields four varieties (CZH0616, CZH0837, CZH0935 and CZH0928) were high yielding and stable across locations in eight countries that represent major maize production environments in eastern and southern Africa.
Learn more about the study “On-Farm Yield Gains with Stress-Tolerant Maize in Eastern and Southern Africa” and check out other recent publications from CIMMYT staff, below.
- A novel remote sensing approach for prediction of maize yield under different conditions of nitrogen fertilization. 2016. Vergara, O.; Zaman-Allah, M.; Masuka, B.; Hornero, A.; Zarco‑Tejada, P.J.; Prasanna, B.M.; Cairns, J.E.; Araus, J.L. Frontiers in Plant Science 7 (666) : 1-13.
- Agriculture under a changing climate in Ethiopia : challenges and opportunities for research. 2016. Kindie Tesfaye Fantaye; Seid, J.; Getnet, M.; Mamo, G. Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Sciences Special Issue : 67-86.
- Doubling maize (Zea mays) production of India by 2025 – Challenges and opportunities. 2016. Yadav, O.P.; Prasanna, B.M.; Yadava, P.; Jat, S.L.; Kumar, D.; Dhillon, B.S.; Solanki, I.S.; Sandhu, S.J. : Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 86 (4) : 427-434.
- Evaluación de la calidad de tortilla de maíz adicionada con harina de avena (Avena Sativa L.) nixtamalizada = Quality assessment corn tortilla added with oatmeal (Avena sativa L.) nixtamalized. 2016. Cortes-Soriano, I.; Buendía-González, M.O.; Palacios-Rojas, N.; Martinez Cruz, E.; Villaseñor Mir, H.E.; Hortelano Santa Rosa, R. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agricolas 7 (7) : 1715-1725.
- Phenotypic and genome-wide association analysis of spike ethylene in diverse wheat genotypes under heat stress. 2016. Valluru, R.; Reynolds, M.P.; Davies, W.J.; Sukumaran, S. New Phytologist. Online First.
- QTL characterization of fusarium head blight resistance in CIMMYT bread wheat line soru#1. 2016. Xinyao He; Lillemo, M.; Jianrong Shi; Jirong Wu; Bjornstad, A.; Belova, T.; Dreisigacker, S.; Duveiller, E.; Singh, P.K. PLoS One 11 (6) : e0158052.
- Response of maize (Zea mays L.) secondary growth parameters to conservation agriculture and conventional tillage systems in Zimbabwe. 2016. Hlatywayo, R.; Mhlanga, B.; Mazarura, U.; Mupangwa, W.; Thierfelder, C. Journal of Agricultural Science 8 (11) : 112-126.
- Temporal variation in phonological and agronomic traits of some irrigated facultative/winter bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars released between 1943 and 2011 in Iran. 2016. Moghaddam, M.E.; Jalal Kamali, M.R.; Soda, N.; Sadre Jahani, S.; Ghodsi, M. Crop Breeding Journal 6 (2) : 9-16.
- The association between leaf malondialdehyde and lignin content and resistance to spot blotch in wheat. 2016. Comfort S. Yusuf.; Ramesh Chand; Vinod Kumar Mishra; Joshi, A.K. Journal of Phytopathology. Online First.
- Zero-tillage as a pathway for sustainable wheat intensification in the Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains: does it work in farmers’ fields? 2016. Keil, A.; D’souza, A. ; McDonald, A. Food Security 8 : 1011-1028.